Department of Oral Biology and Pathology The discipline of oral biology deals with the structure, development, and functions of oral tissues and organs and their relation to other organ systems in both health and disease. It integrates the core basic health sciences disciplines so as to understand and develop new knowledge of the biology of the oral cavity. This serves as a foundation for the discovery of new and improved methods for preventing and controlling oral disease. In essence, oral biology is a bridge between the core basic health science disciplines and clinical dentistry.Graduate education and research programs have been developed that have trained highly competent scientists primarily at the Ph.D. level to engage in oral biological research and education, and who have obtained highly desirable positions in academic and industrial institutions. Since the inception of the graduate program, 40 students have completed their doctoral degrees. A master's degree is also offered and is mainly intended for students who have completed a dental curriculum. In addition to the Department's traditional programs, combination programs with clinical specialties are also available, such as with periodontics and restorative dentistry.Didactic and laboratory courses are offered at the graduate level and each student's course of study is flexible depending upon his or her research project. After completion of their course work, students are required to pass an advancement-to-candidacy examination a year prior to submission of their dissertations. The average length of time to complete the Ph.D. is five years. Research Facilities A new clinical research facility permits investigation of oral research projects, including clinical trials, on human subjects. The director of this unit is Dr. Lorne Golub.A two-chair clinical research dental facility for research purposes has been developed in Stony Brook University Hospital in collaboration with the General Clinical Research Center. The director of this unit is Dr. Maria Ryan.A bacterial anaerobe facility has been established for molecular microbiology research related to dental disease. This facility is supervised by the Department's oral microbiologist, Dr. Steven Walker.The Living Skin Bank was initiated as part of New York State's mandate to bring state-of-the-art treatment of burn wounds to Suffolk County. Under the guidance of its director, Dr. Marcia Simon, the Living Skin Bank also carries out multidisciplinary research aimed at developing therapeutics to reduce various skin disorders, including cancerous lesions. Graduate Admissions Location The campus is located on the north shore of Long Island about 60 miles east of New York City. The area is beautiful and the Stony Brook campus is nestled amid fields and woodlands with the tranquil waters of Long Island Sound just minutes away to the north and the white sandy beaches of the Atlantic Ocean a 45-minute drive to the south. The University and The Department Stony Brook is classified by the Carnegie Foundation as Research University (very high research activity), reflecting Stony Brook's high volume of federally sponsored research, high percentage of doctoral students, and emphasis on scholarship. The Department of Oral Biology and Pathology faculty members hold the most patents, FDA approvals, and commercial products on the campus. The Department is uniquely known for its translational research.